Components and Cells

Components and Cells addresses the scientific and technological issues associated with the integration and application of innovative materials and processes for a given electrochemical storage system and aims to develop a platform for the cost and resource-efficient production of batteries.

  • High-capacity and high-voltage cathode materials will be transferred and adapted from the laboratory level according to the demands of an industrial process technology.
  • Tailor-made particle and electrode structures will be designed and assembled according to innovativev 3D cell designs.
  • Crucial stages in the process chain will be improved with respect to enhanced performance, but above all for a sustainable and cost-optimized production.


Journal Articles
Gu, D.; Yuan, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, D.; Zhang, W.; Wu, L.; Cao, F.; Wang, J.; Huang, G.; Pan, F.
The electrochemical properties of bismuth-antimony-tin alloy anodes for magnesium ion batteries
2022. Journal of Power Sources, 548, Art.Nr. 232076. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.232076
Mohsin, I. U.; Schneider, L.; Häringer, M.; Ziebert, C.; Rohde, M.; Bauer, W.; Ehrenberg, H.; Seifert, H. J.
Heat generation and degradation mechanisms studied on Na₃V₂(PO₄)₃/C positive electrode material in full pouch / coin cell assembly
2022. Journal of Power Sources, 545, Art.-Nr.: 231901. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.231901Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Stockhausen, R.; Gehrlein, L.; Müller, M.; Bergfeldt, T.; Hofmann, A.; Müller, F. J.; Maibach, J.; Ehrenberg, H.; Smith, A.
Investigating the dominant decomposition mechanisms in lithium-ion battery cells responsible for capacity loss in different stages of electrochemical aging
2022. Journal of Power Sources, 543, Article no: 231842. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.231842Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Zhang, S.; Wang, J.; Sun, L.; Dang, F.; Du, Y.; Seifert, H. J.; Lei, T.
Revealing the role of Mn/Li disordered mixing in Li-rich cathode LiMnO by first-principles calculations
2022. Physical Review Materials, 6 (5), Art.-Nr.: 055404. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.6.055404
Gul, N.; Ata, S.; Bibi, I.; Ijaz-ul-Mohsin; Azam, M.; Shahid, A.; Alwadai, N.; Masood, N.; Iqbal, M.
Size controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles: a comparison of modified Turkevich and BRUST methods
2022. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie. doi:10.1515/zpch-2022-0009
Schweighofer, L.; Eschelmüller, B.; Fröhlich, K.; Pfleging, W.; Pichler, F.
Modelling and Optimisation of Laser-Structured Battery Electrodes
2022. Nanomaterials, 12 (9), 1574. doi:10.3390/nano12091574Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Ding, A.; Han, B.; Zhang, S.; Huang, Q.; Wang, J.; Wei, C.; Du, Y.; Seifert, H. J.
Ab initio molecular dynamics study on the disordered Li–Ga–Sn system
2022. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 24 (17), 10537–10547. doi:10.1039/d2cp00618a
Sørensen, D. R.; Heere, M.; Smith, A.; Schwab, C.; Sigel, F.; Jørgensen, M. R. V.; Baran, V.; Schökel, A.; Knapp, M.; Ehrenberg, H.; Senyshyn, A.
Methods—Spatially Resolved Diffraction Study of the Uniformity of a Li-Ion Pouch Cell
2022. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 169 (3), Artkl.Nr.: 030518. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/ac59f9
Wei, S.; Liu, J.; Xia, Y.; Zhang, H.; Cheng, R.; Sun, L.; Xu, F.; Bu, Y.; Liu, Z.; Huang, P.; Zhang, K.; Rosei, F.; Pimerzin, A. A.; Seifert, H. J.
Enhanced Hydrogen Storage Properties of LiAlH by Excellent Catalytic Activity of XTiO@h‐BN (X = Co, Ni)
2022. Advanced functional materials, 32 (13), Art.-Nr.: 2110180. doi:10.1002/adfm.202110180
Borg, M. van den; Gaissmaier, D.; Fantauzzi, D.; Knobbe, E.; Jacob, T.
Atomistic Studies on Water-Induced Lithium Corrosion
2022. ChemSusChem, 15 (2), Art. Nr.: e202101765. doi:10.1002/cssc.202101765Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Winter, E.; Seipel, P.; Zinkevich, T.; Indris, S.; Davaasuren, B.; Tietz, F.; Vogel, M.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of sintering effects on the lithium ion dynamics in LiAlTi(PO)
2022. Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie, 236 (6-8), 817–837. doi:10.1515/zpch-2021-3109
Conference Papers
Pfleging, W.
3D electrode architectures for high energy and high power lithium-ion batteries
2022. Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications XII. Ed.: Palani Balaya, Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). doi:10.1117/12.2623655
Meyer, A.; Sterzl, Y.; Xiao, S.; Rädel, U.; Pfleging, W.
Ablation behaviour of electrode materials during high power and high repetition rate laser structuring
2022. R. Kling & A. Watanabe (Eds.), Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XVI, 26, SPIE. doi:10.1117/12.2609536
Rist, U.; Reif, A.; Pfleging, W.
Laser-induced forward transfer as a versatile tool for developing silicon-based anode materials
2022. R. Kling & A. Watanabe (Eds.), Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XVI, SPIE. doi:10.1117/12.2609588
Pfleging, W.; Zheng, Y.
How lasers can push silicon-graphite anodes towards next-generation battery
2022. R. Kling & A. Watanabe (Eds.), Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing, SPIE. doi:10.1117/12.2609781
Journal Articles
Song, C.; Yuan, Y.; Gu, D.; Chen, T.; Liu, Y.; Tang, A.; Wu, L.; Li, D.; Pan, F.
The Evaluation of Mg–Ga Compounds as Electrode Materials for Mg-Ion Batteries via Ab Initio Simulation
2021. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 168 (11), Art.-Nr. 110539. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/ac3936
Zhang, S.; Wang, J.; Lei, T.; Li, X.; Liu, Y.; Guo, F.; Wang, J.; Zhang, W.; Dang, F.; Seifert, H.; Sun, L.; Du, Y.
First-principles study of Mn antisite defect in LiMnO
2021. Journal of physics / Condensed matter, 33 (41), Art.-Nr.: 415201. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/ac16f6
Isaev, V. V.; Sergeev, A. V.; Zakharchenko, T. K.; Itkis, D. M.; Groß, A.; Yashina, L. V.
Impact of Cathodic Electric Double Layer Composition on the Performance of Aprotic Li-O Batteries
2021. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 168 (3), Art.-Nr.: 030520. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abe6ec
Debord, R.; Euchner, H.; Pischedda, V.; Hanfland, M.; San-Miguel, A.; Mélinon, P.; Pailhès, S.; Machon, D.
Isostructural phase transition by point defect reorganization in the binary type-I clathrate BaSi
2021. Acta materialia, 210, Art.-Nr.: 116824. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2021.116824
Eslamibidgoli, M. J.; Huang, J.; Kowalski, P. M.; Eikerling, M. H.; Groß, A.
Deprotonation and cation adsorption on the NiOOH/water interface: A grand-canonical first-principles investigation
2021. Electrochimica acta, 398, Art.-Nr.: 139253. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139253
De Lauri, V.; Krumbein, L.; Hein, S.; Prifling, B.; Schmidt, V.; Danner, T.; Latz, A.
Beneficial Effects of Three-Dimensional Structured Electrodes for the Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Batteries
2021. ACS applied energy materials, 4 (12), 13847–13859. doi:10.1021/acsaem.1c02621
Li, H.; Hua, W.; Liu-Théato, X.; Fu, Q.; Desmau, M.; Missyul, A.; Knapp, M.; Ehrenberg, H.; Indris, S.
New Insights into Lithium Hopping and Ordering in LiNiO₂ Cathodes during Li (De)intercalation
2021. Chemistry of materials, 33 (24), 9546–9559. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.1c02680
Han, G.; Vasylenko, A.; Neale, A. R.; Duff, B. B.; Chen, R.; Dyer, M. S.; Dang, Y.; Daniels, L. M.; Zanella, M.; Robertson, C. M.; Kershaw Cook, L. J.; Hansen, A.-L.; Knapp, M.; Hardwick, L. J.; Blanc, F.; Claridge, J. B.; Rosseinsky, M. J.
Extended Condensed Ultraphosphate Frameworks with Monovalent Ions Combine Lithium Mobility with High Computed Electrochemical Stability
2021. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 143 (43), 18216–18232. doi:10.1021/jacs.1c07874
Putra, M. H.; Seidenath, S.; Kupfer, S.; Gräfe, S.; Groß, A.
Coupling of photoactive transition metal complexes to a functional polymer matrix**
2021. Chemistry - a European journal, 27 (68), 17104–17114. doi:10.1002/chem.202102776Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Zech, F.; Schniertshauer, D.; Jung, C.; Herrmann, A.; Cordsmeier, A.; Xie, Q.; Nchioua, R.; Prelli Bozzo, C.; Volcic, M.; Koepke, L.; Müller, J. A.; Krüger, J.; Heller, S.; Stenger, S.; Hoffmann, M.; Pöhlmann, S.; Kleger, A.; Jacob, T.; Conzelmann, K.-K.; Ensser, A.; Sparrer, K. M. J.; Kirchhoff, F.
Spike residue 403 affects binding of coronavirus spikes to human ACE2
2021. Nature Communications, 12 (1), 6855. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27180-0Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Luo, X.; Fiedler, A.; Azmi, R.; Xu, W.; Huang, R.; Geßwein, H.; Maibach, J.; Bruns, M.; Indris, S.; Ehrenberg, H.; Kong, X. Y.
Enhancement of ionic conductivity in novel LiON-AlOₓ multilayer heterostructures prepared by atomic layer deposition
2021. Solid state ionics, 373, Article: 115796. doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2021.115796
Jung, C. K.; Braunwarth, L.; Sinyavskiy, A.; Jacob, T.
Thermodynamic Description of Interfaces Applying the 2PT Method on Reax FF Molecular Dynamics Simulations
2021. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125 (44), 24663–24670. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c07327
Li, X.; Wang, J.; Zhang, S.; Sun, L.; Zhang, W.; Dang, F.; Seifert, H. J.; Du, Y.
Intrinsic Defects in LiMnO: First-Principles Calculations
2021. ACS omega, 6 (33), 21255–21264. doi:10.1021/acsomega.1c01162Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Kirchhoff, B.; Ivanov, A.; Skúlason, E.; Jacob, T.; Fantauzzi, D.; Jónsson, H.
Assessment of the Accuracy of Density Functionals for Calculating Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Nitrogen-Doped Graphene
2021. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 17 (10), 6405–6415. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.1c00377
Butzelaar, A. J.; Röring, P.; Mach, T. P.; Hoffmann, M.; Jeschull, F.; Wilhelm, M.; Winter, M.; Brunklaus, G.; Théato, P.
Styrene-Based Poly(ethylene oxide) Side-Chain Block Copolymers as Solid Polymer Electrolytes for High-Voltage Lithium-Metal Batteries
2021. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 13 (33), 39257–39270. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c08841Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Pimperl, N.; Bevilacqua, N.; Schmid, M. A.; Loichet Torres, P. A.; El-Sayed, H. A.; Zeis, R.; Zeyer, K. P.
Nitrogen-functionalized carbon-supported Pt catalysts implemented in high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
2021. Journal of power sources, 507, Art.-Nr.: 229971. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.229971
Kirchhoff, B.; Jónsson, E. Ö.; Dohn, A. O.; Jacob, T.; Jónsson, H.
Elastic Collision Based Dynamic Partitioning Scheme for Hybrid Simulations
2021. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 17 (9), 5863–5875. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.1c00522
Schuett, F. M.; Zeller, S. J.; Eckl, M. J.; Matzik, F. M.; Heubach, M.-K.; Geng, T.; Hermann, J. M.; Uhl, M.; Kibler, L. A.; Engstfeld, A. K.; Jacob, T.
Versatile 3D-Printed Micro-Reference Electrodes for Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Solutions
2021. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition. doi:10.1002/anie.202105871Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Schuett, F. M.; Heubach, M.-K.; Mayer, J.; Ceblin, M. U.; Kibler, L. A.; Jacob, T.
Electrodeposition of Zinc onto Au(111) and Au(100) from the Ionic Liquid [MPPip][TFSI]
2021. Angewandte Chemie / International edition, 60 (37), 20461–20468. doi:10.1002/anie.202107195Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Stockhausen, R.; Hofmann, A.; Gehrlein, L.; Bergfeldt, T.; Müller, M.; Ehrenberg, H.; Smith, A.
Quantifying Absolute Amounts of Electrolyte Components in Lithium-Ion Cells Using HPLC
2021. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 168 (8), Article: 080504. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/ac1894
Rohde, M.; Mohsin, I. U. I.; Ziebert, C.; Seifert, H. J.
Ionic and Thermal Transport in Na-Ion-Conducting Ceramic Electrolytes
2021. International journal of thermophysics, 42 (10), Art.-Nr.: 136. doi:10.1007/s10765-021-02886-xFull textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Duan, K.; Zhu, L.; Li, M.; Xiao, L.; Bevilacqua, N.; Eifert, L.; Manke, I.; Markötter, H.; Zhang, R.; Zeis, R.; Sui, P.-C.
Multiphase and pore scale modeling on catalyst layer of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell
2021. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 168 (5), 054521. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abff03
Zhang, H.; Zhu, L.; Harandi, H. B.; Duan, K.; Zeis, R.; Sui, P.-C.; Chuang, P.-Y. A.
Microstructure reconstruction of the gas diffusion layer and analyses of the anisotropic transport properties
2021. Energy Conversion and Management, 241, Art.-Nr.: 114293. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114293
Stehle, M.; Sheppard, T. L.; Thomann, M.; Fischer, A.; Besser, H.; Pfleging, W.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.
Spatial activity profiling along a fixed bed of powder catalyst during selective oxidation of propylene to acrolein
2021. Catalysis science & technology, 11, 5781–5790. doi:10.1039/D1CY00553GFull textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Hermann, J. M.; Müller, H.; Daccache, L.; Adler, C.; Keller, S.; Metzler, M.; Jacob, T.; Kibler, L. A.
Formic acid oxidation reaction on Au(111) electrodes modified with 4-mercaptopyridine SAM
2021. Electrochimica Acta, 388, Art.-Nr.: 138547. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2021.138547
Bevilacqua, N.; Asset, T.; Schmid, M. A.; Markötter, H.; Manke, I.; Atanassov, P.; Zeis, R.
Impact of catalyst layer morphology on the operation of high temperature PEM fuel cells
2021. Journal of Power Sources Advances, 7, Art.-Nr.: 100042. doi:10.1016/j.powera.2020.100042Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Mueller, J. E.; Hoffmannová, H.; Hiratoko, T.; Krtil, P.; Jacob, T.
Structural evolution of a PtRu catalyst in the oxidation of an organic molecule
2021. Journal of Catalysis, 398, 89–101. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2021.04.001
Song, Z.; Tong, J.; Pfleging, W.; Sun, J.
A review: Learning from the flight of beetles
2021. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 133, Art.-Nr.: 104397. doi:10.1016/j.compbiomed.2021.104397
Castelli, G. F.; Kolzenberg, L. von; Horstmann, B.; Latz, A.; Dörfler, W.
Efficient Simulation of Chemical–Mechanical Coupling in Battery Active Particles
2021. Energy technology, 9 (6), Art.-Nr.: 2000835. doi:10.1002/ente.202000835Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Erakca, M.; Baumann, M.; Bauer, W.; Biasi, L. de; Hofmann, J.; Bold, B.; Weil, M.
Energy Flow Analysis of Laboratory Scale Lithium-Ion Battery Cell Production
2021. iScience, 24 (5), Article: 102437. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2021.102437Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Zhang, E.; Fulik, N.; Zhang, H.; Bevilacqua, N.; Zeis, R.; Xu, F.; Brunner, E.; Kaskel, S.
NMR analysis of phosphoric acid distribution in porous fuel cell catalysts
2021. Chemical Communications, 57 (20), 2547–2550. doi:10.1039/d0cc07738k
Zhu, L.; Yang, W.; Xiao, L.; Zhang, H.; Gao, X.; Sui, P.-C.
Stochastically modeled gas diffusion layers: Effects of binder and polytetrafluoroethylene on effective gas diffusivity
2021. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 168 (1), Art.-Nr.: 014514. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abdc60
Journal Articles
Bresser, D.; Leclere, M.; Bernard, L.; Rannou, P.; Mendil-Jakani, H.; Kim, G.-T.; Zinkevich, T.; Indris, S.; Gebel, G.; Lyonnard, S.; Picard, L.
Organic Liquid Crystals as Single‐Ion Li+ Conductors
2020. ChemSusChem, 14 (2), 655–661. doi:10.1002/cssc.202001995